Hijri 391-473 (AH); Common Era 1001-1080 (CE)
Wallada bint al-Mustakfi was a renowned poet based in Cordoba, Spain who is remembered for her defiance of traditional gender roles. Her father was Muhammad III of Cordoba who came to power in 1024, but was assassinated two years later. Al-Mustakfi became well known for her bold poetry and mixed gender readings that she held in her home. Al-Mustakfi never married but kept lovers throughout her life. She remained economically independent during her life and served as an early example of feminine strength in a Muslim society.